## Detalles de publicación

PP 022047

## Fitting of supernovae without dark energy

(1) IAC; (2) ULL

With data from Pantheon, we have at our disposal a sample of more than a thousand supernovae Ia covering a wide range of redshifts with good precision. Here we make fits to the corresponding Hubble-Lemaître diagram with various cosmological models, with intergalactic extinction, evolution of the luminosity of supernovae, and redshift components due to partially non-cosmological factors. The data are well fitted by the standard model to include dark energy, but there is a degeneracy of solutions with several other variables. Therefore, the Hubble-Lemaître diagram of SNe Ia cannot be used alone to infer the existence of the accelerated expansion scenario with dark energy.

Within this degeneracy, models that give good fits to the data include the following alternative solutions: Einstein-de Sitter with gray extinction a_V=1.2×10^−4 Mpc−1; linear Hubble-Lemaître law static Euclidean with gray extinction a_V=0.4×10^−4 Mpc^−1; Static Euclidean with tired light and gray extinction a_V=2.8×10^−4 Mpc^−1; Einstein-de Sitter with absolute magnitude evolution α=−0.10 mag Gyr^−1; Friedmann model with Ω_M=0.07−0.29, Ω_Λ=0 and partially non-cosmological tired-light redshifts/blueshift with attenuation/enhancement |K_i|<2.2×10^−4 Mpc^−1 (although requiring calibration of M incompatible with local SNe measurements).

Within this degeneracy, models that give good fits to the data include the following alternative solutions: Einstein-de Sitter with gray extinction a_V=1.2×10^−4 Mpc−1; linear Hubble-Lemaître law static Euclidean with gray extinction a_V=0.4×10^−4 Mpc^−1; Static Euclidean with tired light and gray extinction a_V=2.8×10^−4 Mpc^−1; Einstein-de Sitter with absolute magnitude evolution α=−0.10 mag Gyr^−1; Friedmann model with Ω_M=0.07−0.29, Ω_Λ=0 and partially non-cosmological tired-light redshifts/blueshift with attenuation/enhancement |K_i|<2.2×10^−4 Mpc^−1 (although requiring calibration of M incompatible with local SNe measurements).