## Detalles de publicación

PP 06026

## The Minimum Description Length Principle and Model Selection in Spectropolarimetry

IAC

It is shown that the two-part Minimum Description Length Principle can be used to

discriminate among different models that can explain a given observed dataset. The description length is chosen to be the sum of the lengths of the message needed to encode the model plus the message needed to encode the data when the model is applied to the dataset. It is verified that the proposed principle can efficiently distinguish the model

that correctly fits the observations while avoiding over-fitting. The capabilities of this criterion are shown in two simple problems for the analysis of observed spectropolarimetric signals. The first is the de-noising of observations with the aid of the PCA technique. The second is the selection of the optimal number of parameters in LTE inversions. We propose this criterion as a quantitative approach for distinguising the most plausible model among a set of proposed models. This quantity is very easy to implement as an additional output on the existing inversion codes.

discriminate among different models that can explain a given observed dataset. The description length is chosen to be the sum of the lengths of the message needed to encode the model plus the message needed to encode the data when the model is applied to the dataset. It is verified that the proposed principle can efficiently distinguish the model

that correctly fits the observations while avoiding over-fitting. The capabilities of this criterion are shown in two simple problems for the analysis of observed spectropolarimetric signals. The first is the de-noising of observations with the aid of the PCA technique. The second is the selection of the optimal number of parameters in LTE inversions. We propose this criterion as a quantitative approach for distinguising the most plausible model among a set of proposed models. This quantity is very easy to implement as an additional output on the existing inversion codes.